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About and How to Play Solitaire / Klondike Solitaire 

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Game: Solitaire / Klondike Solitaire
In the card game solitaire world, this version of klondike solitaire is the most popular of all solitaire games. Designed specifically for easy play on phone, tablet and desktop.

Background:
Solitaire (also known as Patience) is a classic card game that is typically played by a single player online or with a single physical deck of randomly shuffled cards. Solitaire, Patience, and Classic Solitaire are the terms typically used when referring to Klondike Solitaire.

What is used for play solitaire:
Deck of cards - a standard 52 card (no jokers) set of playing cards with 4 suits: Hearts, Spades, Diamonds, and Clubs, each suit with cards rank: King Queen Jack 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Ace (high to low). Cards should be randomly shuffled each time prior to play.

Terms / Definitions:
There are a few key terms that are needed to understand the game: Stock, Waste, Tableau, Foundation, and Return.

1) Stock - also known as the "Hand" pile - is the stack of cards that remain after the initial dealing of cards. The cards in the Stock are placed face down. Following the rules, during a turn (draw) 1 or 3 card(s) (the number of cards is determined by Difficulty Level chosen) are placed face up from the Stock to the Waste (see term below) for play either on the Tableau or Foundation (see terms below). If a card in the Waste is unplayable at that time, it remains in the Waste (face up), and subsequent Stock cards are turned (drawn) and placed on top of existing cards in the Waste if they too are not playable or not chosen to be played at that time.

2) Waste - also known as the "Talon", is the location where cards from the Stock are placed when turned over (face up) for play. The only card (if playable) that may be played at a time from the Waste is the top card. Only one card may be moved from the Waste to either the Tableau or Foundation (see terms below) at a time. Once a card is removed from the Waste, it may not be returned to the Waste.

3) Tableau - is the playing area that consists of 7 (seven) columns (piles). Cards are dealt to the Tableau at the beginning of a game. Cards are then moved within the Tableau across any of the columns in declining sequence (King thru Ace) AND in alternating colors (black and red). For example: A 6 (six) of Hearts (red color), may only be placed directly on a 7 (seven) of Spades or Clubs (black color). KEY RULE: Only a King may be placed on an empty Tableau column (called a Space). More than one card may be moved at a time within the Tableau across columns so long as it only contains a sequential set of cards in descending order AND alternating color. For example: A sequence of cards - 6 of Hearts, 5 of Spades, and 4 of Diamonds may be moved in one turn on to the 7 of Spades or 7 of Clubs.

4) Foundation - is a collection of 4 discard piles (1 for each suit - Hearts, Spades, Diamonds, Clubs). Cards may be moved to the Foundation only in Ace thru King sequence. Cards may be moved to and from the Foundation to the Tableau for play. Cards may only be placed one at a time to the Foundation.

5) Return - Once a player has turned all cards from the Stock, the player may return the remaining cards from the Waste to the Stock location and begin again with turning cards to the Waste for assessment of play.

The Goal / Winning:
The player's goal of solitaire is to move all of the cards from the Waste and Tableau to the Foundation piles to create individual suit "families" organized in Ace thru King sequence. Once all cards are placed in the Foundation the game is over and the player has won.

Solitaire Rules / How to Play Solitaire / How to Play Klondike Solitaire:
At the beginning of the game, cards are dealt to the Tableau, forming 7 columns. Starting on the left, one card is dealt face up to the top of the first Tableau column and one card is dealt face down for each of the remaining 6 (six) columns. Starting again on the left, but beginning with the second column, one card is dealt face up (placed slightly lower on the Tableau so that the underlying card back is partially visible) and one card is dealt face down for each of the remaining 5 (five) columns. Starting again on the left, but beginning with the third column, one card is dealt face up (placed slightly lower on the tableau so that the underlying card backs are partially visible), and one card is dealt face down for each of the remaining 4 (four) columns. This sequence (skipping a Tableau column on each subsequent row deal) is continued until the seventh Tableau column has one card face up and six cards face down undeath it.

The Foundation and Waste do not have any cards placed at the beginning of the game. Only the Tableau and Stock will have cards.

Begin Play:
After cards are dealt, play begins. Certain cards may be played immediately. For example, any Ace that is the front card (face up) of a Tableau column may be placed in the Foundation. Any cards, using the alternating color and descending sequence rule on the Tableau, may be moved amongst the Tableau columns. If a face up card is moved from a Tableau column, and the underlying card (the new top card of the Tableau column), is face down, it should immediately be turned face up. If there are no more Tableau card moves, then the Stock may be used, turning (drawing) either 1 (one) or 3 (three) cards at a time (see below for Difficulty Level). Card sequences in the Tableau should be built in order to unblock cards that are face down in the Tableau columns. As a reminder, the goal is to move all cards to the Foundation, and in order to do so, all cards must ultimately be turned face up for placement in the Foundation. Quickly and strategically unblocking cards in the Tableau is one of the key strategies to winning the classic card game of solitaire.

Difficulty Level:
Turn 1 or Turn 3 (sometimes also referred to as Draw 1 or Draw 3), relates to how many cards at a time are turned over from the Deck to the Waste each time. Turn 1 / Draw 1 is typically referred to as the Easy level as the odds of winning are much higher than Turn 3 / Draw 3.

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Other Information - Solitaire / Klondike Solitaire

Popularity:
In the solitaire world, klondike is the most common of solitaire games, regardless of playing solitaire online or a download solitaire version. In recent years, solitaire online has become a more popular method of play as there is no download needed and it can be played on nearly any device. This makes it great for 24 7 solitaire play nearly anywhere in the world.

Play Benefits:
Beyond being a fun, free or inexpensive classic cardgame to play, this game serves a number of valuable purposes: Relaxation, brain training / mental sharpness, a cure for boredom, improving hand / eye coordination, color / number training, strategic thinking, and teaching numbers and matching skills. Many people choose to play daily as a way to relax after work, while watching tv, on the bus / train, and on flights. Next time you are on a flight, walk down the aisle to see how many people are playing games and how many are playing solitaire...you might just be surprised.

Age Appropriateness / Suitable for:
Classic solitaire is perfect for all ages, although it is typically rated as for ages 8+. Due to the simple how-to-play rules, solitaire is also an easily playable game for grandparents with young grandchildren and/or parents with young children, creating a great way to play together and interact, working as a team.

Average Duration per Game:
Depending upon playing experierence, Difficulty Level - Turn 1 or Turn 3, and purpose of play - relax or speed, each game may take 3 - 8 minutes to 20 minutes or more. This makes classic solitaire a very appealing game to play, whether you have only a few minutes or an hour or more.

Replayability:
So long as cards are randomly shuffled (or honestly "shuffled" with versions of download solitaire and solitaire online), the game has incredibly high replayability with fairness.

Online and in-app purchases:
Solitaire online and download solitaire games that offer online or in-app purchases are often criticized by players as not having true randomness, and instead attempt to force players to make purchases to make the game fair / improve the odds of winning. Players and parents of young players are advised to pay attention to such tactics. (NOTE: FreeCardGames.io does NOT offer any purchase options - it is true random card shuffling for the most honest game play possible.)

Things you might not know:
Common misspellings: Solitare, solatare, solitire, solitaireo, soletare, solitr
Non-english spellings: Solitario (spanish), solitaire gratuit and solitiare en ligne (French), solitaire spiele, solitaire kostenlos, and solitaire kartenspiele (German), solitiare oyna (Turkish). If you know, please send to us to add to our growing international list of phrases. Solitaire is a univeral game that crosses all borders and languages, and should be shared and accessible to all.

Solitaire - A little history and today:
Microsoft solitaire is the classic klondike solitaire card game that was often found installed on PCs. Historically, this version was often the first unblocked solitaire played on computers, followed next by download solitaire games. Today, free online solitaire versions have become much more popular due to no download necessary, and users can play on PC, Mac, iOS / iPhone / iPad / iPad Pro and Android mobile smartphones and tablets instantly, free, and often without registration requirements. (Note: At FreeCardGames.io there is no download or registration needed or required.)

Other Classic Solitaire Games:
While there are 100+ different solitaire games and versions, the most popular and common other Solitaire games include: Spider Solitaire, FreeCell Solitaire / Free Cell Solitaire, Pyramid Solitaire, and TriPeaks Solitaire. Each has a different set of rules and may require more than one deck of cards, and/or the use of 1, 2 or 4 suits. It is encouraged that players new to solitaire begin with Klondike Solitaire Turn One (also written as Turn 1, Draw 1, Draw One) to get a general idea of the game, and then expand to other more complicated solitaire games.

Tags: Patience, Klondike, Classic Solitaire, Solitaire, Solitaire Online, Classic Card Game

Solitaire / Klondike Solitaire Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Question: What is the Best Solitaire Game?
Answer: "Best" is subjective - most fun, easiest, most challenging, etc., Klondike Solitaire has proven to be the perennial favorite due to easy to learn rules, level of difficulty, duration of play, and odds of winning thru skill vs luck. ...That said, here is the Top 5:
1 of 5: Klondike Solitaire. Klondike Solitaire is the most popular version of Solitaire played today.
2 of 5. Spider Solitaire. More difficult due to 2 decks and 1, 2, or 4 suits.
3 of 5. FreeCell Solitaire. One of the easier versions with a high win rate.
4 of 5. Pyramid Solitaire. Summing 2 cards to 13, the game plays fast.
5 of 5. Tripeaks Solitaire.

Question: Can You Win Every Game of Solitaire?
Answer: Probably not. However, with frequent play to improve your skill, you have ~79% odds of winning, making it one of the more fun card games to play. ...

Question: What Are The Most Popular Solitaire Games?
Answer:
Based upon numersous studies and game site analytics, the Most Popular Solitaire Games are:
1. Klondike Solitaire
2. Spider Solitaire
3. FreeCell Solitaire
4. Pyramid Solitaire
5. Tripeaks Solitaire

Question: How Do You Beat Solitaire in Klondike?
Answer:
Just like the old joke: How do you get to Carnegie Hall? - Practice! Beating Klondike Solitaire takes practice and patience.
THE Klondike Solitaire - Winning Strategy:
1. Turn up the first card of the deck before making any moves.
2. Always move an Ace and 2 to the Foundation whenever possible.
3. Turn over face down cards. ...
4. Focus on high value cards and delay moves that are not important. ...
5. Remember where Kings are in Waste pile and face up. Open a tableau spot if you have a King available to place it in.

Question: Is Solitaire and Klondike the Same Game?
Answer: Due to it's global popularity, "Solitaire" has become synonymous with "Klondike Solitaire" over the years. ...

Question: Is Solitaire Good For Your Brain?
Answer: Solitaire has many benefits, including benefits for your brain. It helps with hand-eye coordination, pattern and number recognition, forming and executing strategy, relieve stress and boredom. It has also proven to be good for interaction and team building between seniors and grandchildren, and parents with small children. ...

Question: How Do I Play Solitaire on a Windows Computer?
Answer: In recent years, online versions of Solitaire have dramatically replaced the need and desire for download versions of Solitaire. The benefit of online versions is that they are always up to date, without the need to update patches to games as your computer ages or the operating system updates. ...

Question: What percentage of Solitaire games are winnable?
Answer: Approximately 79% of Klondike solitaire games are mathematically winnable, but in practice, the average player does not win 79% of games played. This is due to making the wrong moves and overlooking moves that cause the game to become unwinnable. To improve your odds of winning - allow cards in the Foundation to be moved back to the Tableau, then 82% - 91.5% of games are mathematically winnable.

Question: Does Windows 10 have Solitaire games?
Answer: Windows 10 does not have classic solitaire games, but revised versions. Instead of playing these versions, many people prefer to play online solitaire as there is no registration required. Depending upon your computer's manufacturer, there may be games preinstalled on your computer. However, due to frequent computer software updates - and the often resulting incompatability with installed games, playing online versions of Solitaire have proven to be much more convenient and fun for players. Online versions are always the most up to date, requiring only a browser to play. ...

Question: What Is the Objective of Solitaire?
Answer: To have fun, of course! In all seriousness, the objective is to place all cards by suit, in ascending order from Ace to King in the Foundation piles. Speed is NOT the objective. Solitaire can be played for best score, or best time, but it is recommended that you play Solitaire how you want to play. ...

Question: What is the Best Solitaire App for Android / iOS?
Answer: The FREE one! In all honesty, online versions have overtaken downloadable apps due to convenience, no need to download updates, and typically no in-app purchase requirements - a plague of apps. Solitaire should be free. ...

Question: What are Different Types of Solitaire Games?
Answer: It is estimated that there are over 500 different types / versions of Solitaire Games. In truth, however, there are really a limited number of Solitaire games that people play. The most popular of these include:
1. Klondike Solitaire
2. Spider Solitaire
3. FreeCell Solitaire
4. Pyramid Solitaire
5. Tripeaks Solitaire

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All of our games are hand-crafted in the U.S. by a small team of passionate game players and designers, as well as seasoned game industry veterans. This free game site is focused on the game 2048 PLUS classic casual games that include perennial favorites like Klondike Solitaire (Canfield / Patience / American Patience), Spider Solitaire, FreeCell Solitaire, Pyramid Solitaire, TriPeaks Solitaire and more in development.  

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